Several Methods of Obtaining Exception (Exception) Information by Python
- 2021-09-05 00:23:43
Obtaining exception information is very important for program debugging, which can help to quickly locate the position of program statements with errors. The following describes several methods of obtaining exception information in Python, where obtaining exception information (Exception) adopts try … except … program structure.
As shown below:
try: print(x) except Exception as e: print(e)
Returns a string type, giving only exception information, excluding the type of exception information, such as:
try: print(x) except Exception as e: print(str(e))
name 'x' is not defined
Give more complete exception information, including the types of exception information, such as:
try: print(x) except Exception as e: print(repr(e))
NameError("name 'x' is not defined",)
1 In general, when we know the type of exception information, we can capture exceptions more accurately, such as:
try: print(x) except NameError: print('Exception Type: NameError') except Exception as e: print(str(e))
3. Adopt traceback module
Need to import traceback module, at this time to obtain the most complete information, and Python command line running program error message 1.
Usage: Print errors using traceback. print_exc () or traceback. format_exc ().
Difference: traceback. print_exc () is a direct typographical error, traceback.format_exc () returns a string.
Examples are as follows:
import traceback try: print(x) except Exception as e: traceback.print_exc()
import traceback try: print(x) except Exception as e: msg = traceback.format_exc() print(msg)
The printed results are:
Traceback (most recent call last): File "E:/study/python/get_exception.py", line 4, in <module> print(x) NameError: name 'x' is not defined
traceback. print_exc () can also accept file parameters written directly to a file. For example:
# Write to tb.txt In a file traceback.print_exc(file=open('tb.txt','w+'))
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