Python time module datetime details

  • 2020-05-30 20:29:55
  • OfStack

The datetime module is used as a collection of date and time modules. datetime has two constants, MAXYEAR and MINYEAR, which are 9999 and 1, respectively.

The datetime module defines five classes, respectively class for date

2.datetime.datetime: class for date and time

3.datetime.time: class representing time

4.datetime.timedelta: represents the time interval, that is, the interval between two time points

5.datetime.tzinfo: time zone information

1. First take a look at class:

The date class has three parameters, (year,month,day), which returns year-month-day


1. (), return format as Sun Apr 16 00:00:00 2017

2. (timestamp), returns 1 date object according to the given lifetime; () has the same effect

3. (): returns tuples in formats such as (year, month, day),(2017, 15, 6)

4. () : returns the format as YYYY-MM-DD

5. () : returns the week (0-6) for a given date, week 1=0, Sunday =6

6. (year,month,day) : replaces a given date, but does not change the original date

7. (format): format the date and time according to the given format.

8. datetime. date. timetuple () : returns the date corresponding time. struct_time object

time.struct_time(tm_year=2017, tm_mon=4, tm_mday=15, tm_hour=0, tm_min=0, tm_sec=0, tm_wday=5, tm_yday=105, tm_isdst=-1)

9. datetime. date. weekday () : returns the date of the week

Time and date formatting symbols in python:

%y two-digit years are (00-99)

%Y 4-digit years (000-9999)

%m (01-12)

%d 1 day in a month (0-31)

%H 24-hour system hours (0-23)

%I 12-hour system (01-12)

%M minutes (00=59)

%S seconds (00-59)

Simplify week names locally

%A local full week name

%b locally simplified month names

%B local full month name

%c local corresponding date and time representations

%j 1 day of the year (001-366)

%p local A.M. Or P.M

The number of weeks in a year (00-53) Sunday is the beginning of the week

w week (0-6) begins on Sunday

Week 1 is the beginning of the week

%x local corresponding date representation

%X local corresponding time representation

%Z name of the current time zone

The %% % sign itself

2. Take a look at the time class for datetime

time class has five arguments, datetime time (hour minute, second, microsecond, tzoninfo), returns 08:29:30


2. datetime. time. strftime (format) : according to the format format the return time

3. datetime. time. tzname () : returns the time zone name

4. datetime. time. utcoffset () : returns the time zone offset time

3. datetime class of datetime

The datetime class has many parameters, datetime(year, month, day[, hour[, minute[, second[, microsecond[,tzinfo]]]]), which returns the day, month, year, hour, minute, and second


datetime. datetime. now().date() : returns the date part of the current date time ().time () : returns the time portion of the current date and time

datetime.datetime.fromtimestamp() () : returns the current system time


datetime.datetime.strftime () : converted from date format to string format'%b-%d-%Y %H:%M:%S')

'Apr-16-2017 21:01:35'

datetime.datetime.strptime (): converted from string format to date format

datetime.datetime.strptime('Apr-16-2017 21:01:35', '%b-%d-%Y %H:%M:%S')
2017-04-16 21:01:35
4. timedelta class of datetime

datetime.datetime.timedelta is used to calculate the difference between two dates, for example:

>>> a
datetime.datetime(2017, 4, 16, 21, 21, 20, 871000)
>>> b
datetime.datetime(2017, 4, 16, 21, 21, 29, 603000)
>>> b-a
datetime.timedelta(0, 8, 732000)
>>> (b-a).seconds


time1 = datetime.datetime(2016, 10, 20)
time2 = datetime.datetime(2015, 11, 2)
""" Calculate the day difference """

""" Count the number of seconds between the two dates """
print (time1-time2).total_seconds()

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