python rsa encryption and decryption
- 2020-05-27 06:01:47
Recently, there is a need to study the security of encryption and decryption of RSA. Baidu on the Internet 1 under the example of the article, there are few articles on how to save, transmission, printing encrypted text information, are thousands of 1 law. Directly in 1 script, the encrypted text message is assigned to a variable, and then immediately invoked for decryption. After carefully thinking about the encryption and decryption process of RSA, it is determined that there are two ends, one end is: the encryption end, the other end is the decryption end, and the first end is generally different from the same machine. In this case, I just simulated saving it in a file and then reading it out; Much the same is true of how to transmit over the Internet.
The ciphertext encrypted with RSA cannot be displayed directly in text, because there are some binary data that cannot be encoded in text information. For saving, network transmission and printing non-scrambled code, base64 coding needs to be converted; base64 codec can convert some binary data which cannot be directly encoded with the file information into regular binary data.
#/usr/bin/env python # -*- coding: utf-8 -*- import rsa import sys import base64 # print python version with windows System coding print("---- 1 ----") print(sys.version) print(sys.getdefaultencoding()) print(sys.getfilesystemencoding()) # Mr Into 1 Key, and then save .pem Format files, of course, can also be used directly print("---- 2 ----") (pubkey, privkey) = rsa.newkeys(1024) pub = pubkey.save_pkcs1() print(type(pub)) pubfile = open('public.pem','w+') pubfile.write(pub.decode('utf-8')) pubfile.close() print("---- 3 ----") pri = privkey.save_pkcs1() print(type(pri)) prifile = open('private.pem','w+') prifile.write(pri.decode('utf-8')) prifile.close() # load Public keys and keys print("---- 4 ----") message = 'dPabdbGDpFTrwwgydVafdlsadlfsal%46645645s' print('message:',type(message)) with open('public.pem') as publickfile: p = publickfile.read() print(type(p)) pubkey = rsa.PublicKey.load_pkcs1(p.encode('utf-8')) with open('private.pem') as privatefile: p = privatefile.read() print(type(p)) privkey = rsa.PrivateKey.load_pkcs1(p.encode('utf-8')) # Encrypt with the public key and decrypt with the private key crypto = rsa.encrypt(message.encode('utf-8'),pubkey) print(crypto) print("---- 5 ----") print('crypto:',type(crypto)) print('cry_base64:',base64.encodestring(crypto)) print('cry_base64_utf8:',base64.encodestring(crypto).decode('utf-8')) # Save to a local file cry_file = open('cry_file.txt','w+') cry_file.write(base64.encodestring(crypto).decode('utf-8')) cry_file.close() print("---- 6 ----") # Read from a local file cry_file = open('cry_file.txt','r') cry_text = '' for i in cry_file.readlines(): cry_text += i print('cry_text_type:',type(cry_text)) print('cry_text:',cry_text) print('cry_base64:',cry_text.encode('utf-8')) crypto_tra = base64.decodestring(cry_text.encode('utf-8')) print("---- 7 ----") assert crypto == crypto_tra print(crypto) print("---- 8 ----") plaintext = rsa.decrypt(crypto,privkey) assert message == plaintext.decode('utf-8') print(plaintext.decode('utf-8'))