Manually initialize the PostgreSQL database tutorial under windows

  • 2020-05-06 11:55:06
  • OfStack

Environment: win7 64 sp1
PG: 9.3.5

1. Create user postgres with the same password postgres:

net user postgres postgres /add

2. Create data directory:

in the root directory of the database

C:\Program Files\PostgreSQL\9.3>md data

3. Remove the permission of administrator to data directory:

C:\Program Files\PostgreSQL\9.3>cacls data /e /t /r administrator

Processed catalogue: C:\Program Files\PostgreSQL\9.3\data
4. Assign permissions to data directory to postgres user:

C:\Program Files\PostgreSQL\9.3>cacls data /e /t /g postgres:C

Processed contents: C:\Program Files\PostgreSQL\9.3\data
5. Open cmd

with postgres

C:\Program Files\PostgreSQL\9.3>runas /user:postgres cmd.exe

Enter the postgres password :
An attempt was made to launch cmd.exe as user "SURE-PC \postgres"...
6. Initialize the user as postgres, the character set as utf8, and locale as C:

C:\Program Files\PostgreSQL\9.3\bin>initdb.exe -D ../data -E utf8 --locale C -U
The files belonging to this database system will be owned by user "postgres".
This user must also own the server process.
The database cluster will be initialized with locale "C".
The default text search configuration will be set to "english".
Data page checksums are disabled.
fixing permissions on existing directory ../data ... ok
creating subdirectories ... ok
selecting default max_connections ... 100
selecting default shared_buffers ... 128MB
creating configuration files ... ok
creating template1 database in ../data/base/1 ... ok
initializing pg_authid ... ok
initializing dependencies ... ok
creating system views ... ok
loading system objects' descriptions ... ok
creating collations ... not supported on this platform
creating conversions ... ok
creating dictionaries ... ok
setting privileges on built-in objects ... ok
creating information schema ... ok
loading PL/pgSQL server-side language ... ok
vacuuming database template1 ... ok
copying template1 to template0 ... ok
copying template1 to postgres ... ok
syncing data to disk ... ok
WARNING: enabling "trust" authentication for local connections
You can change this by editing pg_hba.conf or using the option -A, or
--auth-local and --auth-host, the next time you run initdb.
Success. You can now start the database server using:
  "postgres" -D "../data"
  "pg_ctl" -D "../data" -l logfile start
C:\Program Files\PostgreSQL\9.3\bin>

7. Start the database and enter the client:

C:\Program Files\PostgreSQL\9.3\bin>"pg_ctl" -D "../data" start
server starting
C:\Program Files\PostgreSQL\9.3\bin>LOG: database system was shut down at 2014-
09-18 10:19:54 HKT
LOG: autovacuum launcher started
C:\Program Files\PostgreSQL\9.3\bin>LOG: database system is ready to accept con
C:\Program Files\PostgreSQL\9.3\bin>psql.exe
psql (9.3.5)
Type "help" for help.

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